Billionaire investor Bill Ackman discussed his pandemic hedge, praised Trump, and explained his Berkshire Hathaway exit in a recent interview. Here are the 19 best quotes.

Bill Ackman.
Reuters/ Allen Fredrickson
The hedge-fund billionaire Bill Ackman spoke at the virtual Sohn Hearts & Minds conference in November about his lucrative pandemic trade, selling his Berkshire Hathaway stock in May, and why he launched a “blank-check” company.The Pershing Square boss also tackled other topics including politics, activist shareholders, short-sellers, and the market outlook for 2021.Here are his 19 best quotes from the interview.Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.The billionaire investor Bill Ackman discussed hedging the pandemic, investing in Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway then exiting less than 18 months later, and the goal of his “blank-check” company during a virtual appearance at the Sohn Hearts & Minds conference in November.The Pershing Square chief also spoke in the wide-ranging interview about shareholder activism, short-selling, the market outlook, and a potential presidential run for Ivanka Trump.Here are Ackman’s 19 best quotes, condensed and lightly edited for clarity:1. “I had seen the Matt Damon ‘Contagion’ film, so perhaps that was framing the mind.” – on his early concerns about COVID-192. “My theory was the only way to shut this thing down ultimately would be a global economic shutdown, and the markets were not trading as if there was going to be a global economic shutdown.” – on his decision to hedge Pershing’s stock portfolio

3. “I felt what it was like to be a trader for the first time in my life. I’m not really a trader, but it was cool, and I insisted on trading it alongside my traders just because it was fun.” – on the experience of reversing his fund’s hedge after it paid off, using a laptop on a makeshift desk in a beach house4. “If you want to learn about the investment business, just read everything Warren Buffett’s written, watch every interview he’s ever given.”Read more: Deutsche Bank says you need to own these 6 stocks poised to surge as vaccine progress spurs an economic recovery – including one that could rally by 83%5. “The untold story of Berkshire is that it owns a lot of companies that, frankly, have opportunities for improvement and margin enhancement. I think Buffett’s one of the great allocators of capital, but also part of his whole schtick is not getting involved in the management of any of the businesses that he’s acquired.”6. “We felt that the next generation of leadership is going to do less of the big Warren Buffett-type acquisitions and more of actually optimizing the portfolio.” – detailing one of his reasons for investing in Berkshire, along with its attractive valuation and the promise of bigger stock buybacks

7. “We’ve handed our capital to Warren to invest, but he’s handicapped a bit because he’s lugging around hundreds of billions of dollars.” – on the thinking that led Pershing to sell its Berkshire stake. Ackman and his team were surprised Buffett didn’t deploy Berkshire’s cash more aggressively when the pandemic caused markets to tank in the spring.8. “We have probably lost more money in Berkshire Hathaway than anyone in the world.”9. “It’s a way for us to buy a super-high-quality private company and add it to our stable.” – on Pershing Square Tontine, Ackman’s special-purpose acquisition company, which raised $4 billion when it went public in JulyRead more: Goldman Sachs pinpoints 17 stocks poised for big moves during the upcoming holiday shopping season – and breaks down the exact options strategies for 3 of them10. “The state of corporate governance, how directors think about their roles as fiduciaries, has come very, very far over 17 years as a direct result of shareholder activism.”

11. “It’s like running for office. It’s the same dirty tricks and cheating, and claimed cheating on how the votes are being counted, and false advertising.” – on the reality of being an activist shareholder12. “China was a tea-drinking country until Starbucks showed up.”13. “Trump’s actually done a lot of good. He’s done some harm as well, and he’s done it in a way that I think is far from ideal.” – on the president’s corporate tax reforms and efforts to bring manufacturing back to the US14. “Ivanka’s probably going to run in four years, and I think how he handles this will affect her ability to get elected.” – on the risk that Trump’s refusal to concede the election will hurt his daughter’s chance to become the president in the futureRead more: MORGAN STANLEY: Buy these 21 stocks set to soar at least 50% as their earnings rebound from a COVID-19-induced rout

15. “It’s probably the single greatest time in history to open a restaurant.” Ackman pointed to pent-up demand fueled by lockdown measures, low rents, and less competition due to restaurant closures during the pandemic.16. “2021 could be a very, very good year in markets. Go long.” The investor highlighted low interest rates, more stimulus, infrastructure spending, well-capitalized banks, and easy access to capital.17. “I think unsophisticated people will take this announcement as ‘Oh, I don’t have to worry,’ and you want people to be a bit scared.” – on the risk that Pfizer’s positive vaccine news makes people complacent and less diligent about taking precautions against catching and spreading the virus18. “An industrial company today can probably go public with a technology multiple.” – on the booming demand for warehouses for e-commerce companies and the fact that even Amazon, which controls many aspects of its business, still has to pay rent19. “If I ever think about it, just tell me the number I need to call to make sure I don’t do it again.” – on whether he would return to short-selling

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